Hardy Realism has been the dominant narrative tradition of English fiction. Victorian novel beautifully fits into this definition. His novel are expression of personal philosophy rather then rendition expression of an outer society.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. As Hardy equates Hamlet and Tess from the start, we learn that he sees Tess as a virtuous victim and therefore as a tragic heroine.
Each situation is a catalyst for the next, with episodes and characters carefully woven into a complex pattern and as part of this many events are explicitly prefigured. The certainty of loss and suffering become a key theme in the novel. However there are many factors that contribute to the tragic heroines downfall.
Tess is only partly to blame for her own tragic decline. Powerful external pressures, such as social, biological, environmental and the supernatural, all drive her inexorably towards her cruel fate. Time and chance are also against Tess.
Alec resembling a moustache twirling villain from melodrama is aware that Tess is trapped by social convention and his understanding of her morality is based upon her class, her obligation to her family and apparently fate.
He realises that he has the upper hand in pursuing Tess and he takes advantage of it. Given the stress on fate, coupled with the biological and sociological pressures that are placed on the characters, the novel might be categorised as giving a post-Darwinian view of naturalism.
However the notion that the text is entirely naturalistic is unworkable given the mythical and metaphysical elements which make the outcome of the novel inevitable. Also, on several occasions, ancient sites and ancient histories, mingled with folk law and legend, are made to equate with inescapable fate.
Although we do not witness any actual violence against Tess we do hear a degree of ironical authorial intervention. For example we are aware that sleep is followed inexorably by violence e. However the sexual double standards typical of late Victorian society are also made clear at this point.
She had given birth to a bastard child and the rigid social attitudes of Victorian society frowned upon her even though she was not a willing participant in the conception.
Tess blasphemously baptising the infant herself and naming it Sorrow before his passing seems fitting given that the cruel and inflexible religious laws of the time prohibited the innocent child to be buried in consecrated ground. The lush surroundings, bright May sunshine and the fertility oozing from the surrounding countryside help to unite Tess with her new-found love Angel, giving a clear example of how the environment plays a role in dictating her course of life as with The Chase.
In addition to this the settings add a degree of authenticity, verisimilitude and realism. This coupled with the fact that Tess has yet to reveal her true self to Angel shows that with the arrival of the Autumn equinox everything hangs in the balance.
Tess, against her mothers advice, decides to confess to Angel by slipping him a note under his door, but as fate would have it, it goes beneath the carpet. It is here that we learn that there are moments in the novel when Tess may have had control over her future.
Tess is not faithful to her pure instincts and she is swayed to press her silence on her past for her appetite for joy. Hence the feelings that lift Tess also drown her. In addition to this the Dairyman quietly states that it is a sign that identifies Angel as a cuckold.
Thus both Angel and Alec are controlling characters guilty of harming Tess. They are one-dimensional compared to the heterogeneous figure of the protagonist in whom oppositions like victim and villain collapse. This invites criticism from the Feminists who claim that the society that damns Tess as impure is essentially patriarchal.
In a sense Tess can be seen as a modern character, as the readers of today can identify and sympathise with her.
After hearing that Tess has returned home due to illness in the family Alec realises the advantages of the situation. In the late nineteenth century there were many changes taking place in rural England.
The advances achieved as a result of the Industrial Revolution meant that even in the countryside farming was becoming mechanized and there were fewer manual labour jobs for the simple peasant people to do.Tess is one of Hardy's most sympathetic protagonists.
She is as likeable as a literary character found in all of English literature.
Readers come to understand her plight and her acceptance of the seemingly inevitable things that happen to her. Tess of the d'Urbervilles: A Pure Woman Faithfully Presented is a novel by Thomas Hardy.
It initially appeared in a censored and serialised version, published by the British illustrated newspaper The Graphic in  and in book form in Tess of the D’Urbervilles is both a tragedy of love and a tragedy of life. The process of tragedy is the process of various contradictions between the characters and the social environment.
Tess of the D'Urbervilles by THomas Hardy Essay Words | 3 Pages. Tess of the D'Urbervilles is a movie based on a novel by Thomas Hardy.
The story involves a young girl named Tess who will be the victim, the prey, and sometimes the lover of many men. Tess’ Tragedy in Tess of the D’Urbervilles HUO Feng-chun No. 20 Junior Middle School of Siping, Siping, China JING Jing Changchun University, Changchun, China Tess of the D’Urbervilles is one of the most famous novels of Thomas Hardy.
Tess—the heroine brings us deep inspiration and profound reflection. Thomas Hardy was a fatalist.
He believed that human life is out of the direct control of the human being. Every devastating or fortunate event that occurs is merely the result of fate.