Important terms in cultural anthropology

His first acquaintance with the study of political thought came at the University of Sydney, from which he graduated as a Bachelor of Economics in He then took up a Teaching Fellowship at Sydney University, at the same time undertaking research for a dissertation on working-class movements in Australia, for which he was awarded the degree of Master of Economics in

Important terms in cultural anthropology

His first acquaintance with the study of political thought came at the University of Sydney, from which he graduated as a Bachelor Important terms in cultural anthropology Economics in He then took up a Teaching Fellowship at Sydney University, at the same time undertaking research for a dissertation on working-class movements in Australia, for which he was awarded the degree of Master of Economics in After nearly seven years' service in the Prime Minister's Department and the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, he returned to academic life in February l when he was appointed Senior Lecturer in Political Science at the Australian National University.

In he was appointed Reader in Political Science, the position from which he retired in For many years he offered courses on Ancient, Medieval, and Modern Political Thought, but his concerns stretched much further, and he was able to offer considered, well-informed, and astringent views on an astonishingly wide range of topics.

Hume was a renowned specialist on the thought of Jeremy Bentham, about which he published extensively. He took leave in, and to work on Bentham's manuscripts at University College London, and his book Bentham and Bureaucracy Cambridge University Press, is widely recognised as the classic study of Bentham's political thought.

However, his pre-eminence in this sphere was not won at the expense of his long-standing interest in Australian history; and in his retirement, although continuing to work on the arduous task of editing Bentham's Constitutional Code for publication as part of Bentham's Collected Works, he increasingly found time to turn his attention, and his pen, to issues about which he had long felt strongly.

Another Look at the Cultural Cringe is a product of this period.

Important terms in cultural anthropology

Hume had little in common with that school of historians for whom the election of the Whitlam Government in had inaugurated a kind of social and cultural annee zero. This was not because of any visceral hatred of Whitlam's agenda — to this day I have no idea what his party-political views might have been — but because he felt a distinct lack of sympathy for the insensitivity to the significance of earlier times and earlier figures that an annee zero view implied.

He was struck by the dynamism of earlier periods, and once remarked that the Australia to which he returned in seemed to him 'another world' from the country that he had left behind in It is a work in which a number of the characteristics of his scholarship are apparent. It blends theory and history in very subtle ways.

It provides a splendid example of the 'exact scholarship' that he so much admired. And while on occasion pointed, or even cutting, it is also a graceful essay. Hume saw no virtue in being gratuitously offensive to his opponents.

He could be a devastating critic, but he was never a self-indulgent one. This last characteristic derived as much from his personality as from anything else. He was honest, fearless, and entirely free of affectation.

To his students and colleagues he presented a somewhat serious visage, but this simply reflected the fact that he took the concept of university education seriously. His solemnity was no more than skin-deep, and those who knew him for any length of time came to realise that it was born of contentment, to which his wonderful wife Angela, and his children and wider family, were the principal contributors.

He was a cherished friend to a vast number of people, and his arrival raised the tone of every function he attended.

The content of this notion was aptly summed up by H.Aug 01,  · Another way they deal with the extremities of their environment is by looking towards other group members for physical and moral support. Sharing is an important part of their culture, and working as a team is an essential part of coping with their surroundings.

Anthropology: Anthropology, ‘the science of humanity,’ which studies human beings in aspects ranging from the biology and evolutionary history of Homo sapiens to the features of society and culture that decisively distinguish humans from other animal species.

Learn more about the history and branches of anthropology in this article.

Important terms in cultural anthropology

AN: So I'm a little late to the Harry Potter AU party, but this idea just wouldn't leave me alone. If you enjoy (or not) I'd appreciate hearing about it in a review.

Cultural materialism is an anthropological research orientation first introduced by Marvin Harris in his book The Rise of Anthropological Theory, as a theoretical paradigm and research strategy. It is said to be the most enduring achievement of that work. Harris subsequently developed a full elaboration and defense of the paradigm in his book Cultural Materialism.

Cultural anthropology: Cultural anthropology, a major division of anthropology that deals with the study of culture in all of its aspects and that uses the methods, concepts, and data of archaeology, ethnography and ethnology, folklore, and linguistics in its descriptions and analyses of the diverse peoples of the world.

Cultural anthropology is a branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation among humans. It is in contrast to social anthropology, which perceives cultural variation as a subset of the anthropological constant.

Cultural materialism (anthropology) - Wikipedia