Specialist in Santa Barbara in The training covered the topics of developing play and social skills in Pre-School children with special needs.
Coping with disability and chronic illness This article will give you an overview of some of the issues relating to the child with a disability. It is a broad topic - follow links for more details on individual topics. However, before addressing these issues, it is important to establish the meaning of certain terms: Impairment - this is a loss or abnormality of physiology or of an anatomical structure.
This can be likened, in the medical model, to aetiology, eg long eyeball. Disability - this is a restriction or loss of ability due to an impairment in performing an activity in a manner or range considered normal for a human being of that developmental stage. In the medical model, this would be the pathology, eg myopia.
Handicap - this is the disadvantage for an individual, arising from a disability, that limits or prevents the achievement of desired goals an uncompensated disability. This can be likened to the clinical presentation, eg poor visual acuity.
Learning disability[ 2 ] - this was formerly termed mental handicap or mental retardation. It can be divided into two groups: A child with general learning disability finds it more difficult to learn, understand and do things compared to other children of the same age. The degree of disability can vary greatly.
A child with specific learning disability finds one particular thing hard, but manages well in everything else, eg difficulty in reading. Special provision is what an education authority provides to meet special needs. When considering developmental delay and possible disability in the child, it is worth remembering that development does not progress in a linear fashion but in uneven steps.
Each stage will open up possibilities for other developmental 'streams' so if gross motor was a little slow, it may have been hiding a more advanced fine motor development. These 'streams' - although all interlinked - run at different rates and, in the otherwise normal child, it is helpful to remind yourself and parents of this fact once other more worrying conditions have been excluded.
Furthermore, the general health of the child contributes to the overall development. So repeated absences from school due to chest infections for a cystic fibrosis child, for example, will need to be considered when considering his or her apparent delay in reading.
Finally, don't forget the bigger family picture:Physical Disabilities: Physical disabilities may affect the child's play in a variety of ways, depending on how the disability restricts movement. The child may have difficulty moving to the materials or areas available for play.
An explanation of how disability may affect development. Ways a practioner can support a child with disabilities and how they will affect the child’s development.
Autism. Children with autism need a strict routine, so they . There are many physical disabilities that can affect children, such as delayed walking, deafness or visual impairment. Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common physical disability in childhood. Approximately 2 per 1, infants in . Physical disabilities may affect how a child plays and its ability to use play as a way of learning and gaining new skills and concepts depending on how the disability restricts movement.
They may have difficulty manipulating materials in a constructive or meaningful way.
Answers for explain how disability may affect development. Ask for study help with other questions on this topic online. Explain how disability may affect development. Children with a learning or physical disability may be subjected to prejudice or discrimination at school for the reason that they could be treated differently than the rest of the children. Developmental disability that affects all areas of a child's development is sometimes referred to as global developmental delay. Most common developmental disabilities: Down syndrome is a condition in which people are born with an extra copy of chromosome
Understanding how learning disabilities affect development will help make parenting easier. As a result, they may not be able to do the expected school work. This kind of learning disability is called “maturational lag.” How does a learning disability affect the parents of the child?
Task 8: Explain how disability may affect development Disability can take many forms and is a serious risk factor when it comes to child development.A disabled child be it physical or learning is likely to have less opportunities in life than a child who is not disabled, .