Sigmund Freud can be considered as the father of modern personality theory.
Freud is popularly known as the father of psychiatry, and by many, father of modern personality theory. Because Sigmund had always been very stubborn and rigid about his ideas and theories, hence his members and followers began to break from the Freudian camp. These newly emerged theories, however, held the same underlying beliefs and ideas of psychoanalysis- a popular Freudian theory of personality.
Other than that, these theories also maintained other ideas of Freud, like defense mechanisms related to unconsciousness, and role of unconsciousness in important drive in human emotions, cognitions, thoughts and behavior.
In simple words, those who left the psychoanalytical society to form their own schools of thoughts are known as Psychodynamic or Neo-Freudians. These Neo-Freudians believed that social relationships are fundamental to the formation and developmental of personality.
Alfred Adler believed that we are born with a sense of inferior. Alfred also gave in the idea of parenting by highlighting two major situations he called over-pampering or completing neglecting a child. He believed both played a negative role in damaging the personality of an individual as an adult.
All in all, he viewed human beings as seeking to attain various rational goals, which he called style of life. For instance, the oldest kid of the family might be the too spoilt and later have a poorly develop personality due to all the attention he got being the oldest one and so on.
In his newly develop school of thought known as Analytical psychology, he discussed how collective unconsciousness influenced personality. In light of his theory he spoke of how the young developed inevitable fear of the dark, how infants develop immediate attachment to their mothers and certain images like that of sun, moon, angels and demons predominate themes since the beginning of times.
Considering ego as a positive driving force in development, he said that ego aimed at maintaining and establishing a good identity. Conversely, those with poor egos suffer what we call identity crises.
This theory constitutes 8 significant stages, each with two possible outcomes. These stages are labeled as: Trust VS Mistrust 2. Autonomy VS Shame and Doubt 3. Initiative VS Guilt 5. Identity VS role Confusion 6.
Intimacy VS Isolation 7. Generativity VS Stagnation 8.
Ego Integrity VS Despair Harry Stack Sullivan, another Neo-Freudian, laid importance on the fact that people always establish relationships with others so as to gain positivity and develop a healthy acquaintance.
Karen Horney a neo-Freudian was also interested in anxiety. Horney classified the individuals into three groups of personality: These individuals desire to be loved, feel wanted and appreciated. These individuals desire to excel, irrespective of consequences and win admiration. These individuals wished to be independent and self-reliant.
They exhibit characteristics like self-sufficiency, individualism and freedom from obligations.According to Freud’s psychoanalytic theory, personality develops through a series of stages, each characterized by a certain internal psychological conflict.
Neo-Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality. Neo-Freudian approaches to the study of personality both expanded on and countered Freud’s original theories. Neo-Freudian supporters included Alfred Adler (pictured left) and Carl Jung (right).
Turn of the century Vienna was fertile ground for the birth of psychoanalysis. The city was home to some of the most influential intellectual minds of history.
It was there that Sigmund Freud established his. As such, these new theories, arising from psychoanalytic thought and the writings of Freud, still maintain many Freudian components. The term Neo-Freudian or Psychodynamic have both been used to describe those who left the psychoanalytic society and formed their own schools of thought.
Mar 13, · The Neo-Freudian is a group of psychiatrists and psychologists that constituted the followers of Sigmund Freud.
Freud is popularly known as the father of psychiatry, and by many, father of modern personality theory. This review is the study of Freudian’s, includes only Freud, and Neo-Freudian’s, includes Jung, Erikson, Adler, and Horney, Theory of Psychoanalysis.
By using the following 7 journals in my research, I will perform critical analysis on these following theoretical concepts. Neo-Freudians used Freud’s original theories to formulate the theories of personality. Neo-freudians persuaded that personality was the product of the social environment as well as biology.