The writings and ideas of John Calvin, a leader in the Reformation, gave rise to Protestantism and were pivotal to the Christian revolt. They contended that The Church of England had become a product of political struggles and man-made doctrines. The Puritans were one branch of dissenters who decided that the Church of England was beyond reform. Escaping persecution from church leadership and the King, they came to America.
Contact Author Thanksgiving is one of the biggest holidays celebrated in the United States. It is a time when families across the country traditionally come together to have a huge turkey dinner and give thanks for all the blessings and abundance they have received during the year.
While it is a kind of harvest festival, this national holiday also looks back to the time when the Puritans first came to America in the 17th century to set up colonies in what would come to be known as New England.
Why Did the Puritans Come to America? The accepted wisdom is that the Puritans were forced to flee England and Europe because they were being persecuted for their religious beliefs, and that they arrived in the Americas which they regarded as an empty, previously untrodden land, despite the presence of the Native Americans with ideas of creating a new society built on the ideal of freedom.
While this is the prevailing history, is it really the whole story behind the Puritans' move to the new world? This article Did the new england puritans live the true reason for the Puritans' move to America.
Religious Reformation in England For many hundreds of years during the medieval period, England was a religiously homogenous country practising the Catholic faith. Yes, some medieval English monarchs, notably King John, regularly fell from grace with the Pope, but on the whole English kings were good servants of the Church and heretics were burned at times with the characteristic Catholic zeal and enthusiasm.
Protestant beliefs and ideas began to enter the country during the early 16th century, when more fingers than usual began to point at the excessiveness and carnality of the Catholic clergy and monasteries. Demands were made for the bible to be translated so people could read the scriptures in English rather than Latin.
Also, many expressed a desire for a simpler way to worship the deity that was different from the ostentatious Catholic rituals that were the norm. King Henry wanted to divorce his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, who had failed in her duty of producing a male heir to the throne.
So, after several years of bickering with the Papacy, Henry VIII eventually broke away from the Church of Rome to form the Church of England, with the ensuing benefit of being able to ditch his wife Catherine so he could marry Anne Boleyn, boosting his treasury by taking the money that came from the dissolution of the monasteries.
But this new entity, the Church of England, was essentially the Catholic Church without the Pope and the monasteries.
It was essentially a conservative institution with the king as its head. For the rest of the reign of Henry VIII, and that of subsequent Tudor monarchs, there would be fierce competition between the new Protestants and Catholics for supremacy. Several shifts of power would take place over the years that would see many innocent people caught in the political crossfire and executed for their religious beliefs.
Source Dissension Among the Protestant Factions But there was also dissension among the Protestants themselves over how far the reform of the Church should go, and over the years a split began to form between the members of the Church of England.
A new group began to emerge who would become known as the Puritans, who were virulently opposed to the elaborate ritual and liturgy of the Catholic Church that they believed was still too prevalent in the Church of England.
They resented and wanted to eliminate any religious practices that in any way resembled the Catholicism from which this new church had sprung. The Puritans were adherents of the reformed theology of Calvin, and their beliefs attached great importance to preaching, the supremacy of God, a literal belief in scripture, and minimalistic worship without the rituals, crosses and ornate church decorations they so despised in the Catholic Church.
Of course, this belief in the supremacy of God put them on a collision course with the rulers of the day who, having managed to wriggle free from the power of the Pope, were none too keen on having to moderate their rule in order to please a strict god.
Still, King James I tried to find a way to reconcile the religious practices of the new Puritan clergy with those of the more conservative members of the Church of England, but the sense of alienation the Puritans felt from the established church continued to grow. King Charles I and the Puritans The religious and political climate in England became even more febrile at the start of the 17th century.In spite of the fact they had left England, the Puritans who sailed to Massachusetts Bay in maintained they were not separatists, but wanted to purify the Church of England by establishing "a city upon a hill" as an example of how godly people should live.
did the early New England Puritans live up to their idealized vision of community? Explain Like the other groups from Europe that came over to the New World, the puritans came over primarily for profit at first. In England and in the United States.
The Puritans saw America as the Promised Land; the place that God had provided for them so that they could worship as they chose. Personally, I think that the New England Puritans did live up to their vision of a community for a certain amount of time.
I feel this way because they did in fact have a set of rules that mostly everyone followed. Puritan Life.
As minister of Boston's Old North Church, Cotton Mather was a popular voice in Puritan New England. New England life seemed to burst with possibilities. Wine and beer drinking were common place. Puritans did not all dress in black as many believe. The fundamental rule was to follow God's law.
Those that did lived in peace. The New England Puritans in America In coming to the New World, the New England Puritans had great expectations in numerous ways.
Their idealized vision of America was some sort of a Utopia, as an opposite to their troubled society in England.