Text version below transcribed directly from audio. When I look out at this convention, I see the face of America: Red, Yellow, Brown, Black and White.
Yippie Workshop Speech a Yippie! They discussed the events of the year, such as the Summer of Love and the Pentagon demonstration. The idea of having a free music festival in Chicago was suggested to defuse political tension. Yippie politicized hippie ideology and used street theater and other tactics to critique the culture of the United States and induce change.
Both events were planned simply as " be-ins ", with live music. The event was used to promote peace, Democratic national convention 1968 and harmony, and as a trial run for Chicago.
The black banner of an anarchist group was hung on the wall, bearing the words, "Up Against the Wall Mother Fucker" in red. Police stood by watching the crowds. As the "Yip-In" progressed, relations between the police and Yippies became strained.
Two people climbed a large clock and removed the hands; the police responded by clearing the station.
They formed a skirmish line, ordered the people to disperse, and then started forcing their way through the crowd. In the end, an agreement was made on staging, electricity, police presence, bathrooms, and other necessities for running a music festival.
Police milled in the crowd giving considerable leeway to the proceedings which led to a peaceable day. They wrote articles, published fliers, made speeches and held rallies and demonstrations, to announce that they were coming to Chicago.
However, none of these threats came to fruition. Nonetheless, city officials in Chicago prepared for all possible threats. They tried to show this by purposefully participating in non-traditional activities that would not conceivably affect the decision making process in the convention hall, unlike a "straight" protest with picket lines, marches, and rallies which could conceivably convince delegates of mass support for a program.
MOBE was run by a small executive board that set up a general framework for mass demonstrations, sent out invitations to the over groups on its mailing listsand coordinated activities between the groups. MOBE recognized and supported all tactics from marching to civil disobedience.
David Dellinger, MOBE chairman, believed that "The tendency to intensify militancy without organizing wide political support [was] self-defeating. But so [was] the tendency to draw way from militancy into milder and more conventional forms of protest.
The goal was originally a massive show of force outside the International Amphitheatre. MOBE also planned to have workshops and movement centers distributed in 10 parks throughout the city, many in predominantly black areas, to allow demonstrators and participating groups to follow their particular focuses.
In the buildup to the Convention, Chicago mayor Richard J. Daley repeatedly announced "Law and order will be maintained". Besides the standard gun and billy clubChicago Police Department officers had mace and riot helmets. For the convention, the CPD borrowed a new portable communications system from the military, thus increasing communication between field officers and command posts.
All summer long, police officers had received refresher training on crowd control and riot techniques. During the convention itself, Police Academy instructors were with the reserve forces, giving last minute reminders.
Two-thirds of the officers would continue with the normal police duties with the remaining third available for special assignment.
In the Amphitheatre, the City concentrated officers filling various roles. In Lincoln Parkthe number of officers patrolling during the daytime was doubled, but the majority of the officers assigned to the Lincoln Park area were held in reserve, ready to respond to any disturbance.
In suspected trouble areas, police patrols were heavy. Further away from the center patrols were less frequent. This allowed the police to shift easily and quickly to control a problem without leaving an area unguarded. While maintaining a public image of total enforcement of all city, state, and federal laws, the Narcotics division was quietly reassigned to regular fieldwork, curtailing anti-drug operations during the DNC.
It would be called up at the beginning of the convention, but held in reserve at strategically placed armories or collection points such as Soldier Field. With the Guard in place at their armories, the CPD could request and receive assistance quickly.
The City was worried about a black rebellion, independent of the white protesters, during the convention.
To avoid trouble, the City used its influence with black community organizations such as The Woodlawn Organization, the Black Consortium, and Operation Breadbasket to try to keep their constituents calm and peaceful. Some of the militant black leaders were encouraged to leave town during the convention to avoid being implicated in any violence.
Therefore, the City categorically denied any permit that included parks in or march routes through black areas. Another argument the City used to deny permits was that the permits asked the City to set aside local and state ordinances.
A city ordinance closed the city parks at 11 pm, although this was not strictly enforced.More than 50 years on, the Democratic Party’s national convention of continues to haunt the party. Police lead a demonstrator from Grant Park during demonstrations that disrupted the Democratic National Convention in Chicago in August (AP).
Democratic Convention In Chicago. Democratic delegates gathered to nominate Vice-president Hubert Humphrey while anti-war protestor gathered outside to take advantage of television coverage to get their message across. On this day in , at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, tens of thousands of Vietnam War protesters battle police in the streets, while the Democratic Party falls apart over an.
The Democratic National Convention was held August 26–29 at the International Amphitheatre in Chicago, Illinois. As President Lyndon B. Johnson had announced he would not seek reelection, the purpose of the convention was to select a new presidential nominee to run as the Democratic Party's candidate for the office.
Full text video excerpt of Jesse Jackson Democratic National Convention Address.